lunes, 8 de marzo de 2010

Forma Activa / Pasiva

Forma Pasiva /Activa de los Verbos


Las oraciones pueden ser activas o pasivas. Por lo tanto, los tiempos pueden tener "forma activa y "forma pasiva". Deben de aprender a reconocer la diferencia para hablar inglés de anera adecuada.

Forma Activa

En las oraciones activas, la cosa que realiza la acción es el sujeto de la oración y quien recive la acción es el objeto. La mayoría de las acciones son activas

[Cosa realizando la acción] + [verbo] + [Cosa reciviendo la acción]

Ejemplos:

Text

Forma Pasiva

En las oraciones pasivas, quien recive la acción es el sujeto de la oración y quién realiza la acción es incluida opcioalmente cerca del final de la oración. Puedes usar la forma pasiva crees que quien recive la acción es mas importante o debe de ser enfatizado. También puedes usar la forma pasiva si no sabes quién esta realizado la acción o si no quieres mencionar quién realiza la acción.

[Quien resive la acción] + [be] + [Pasado participio del verbo] + [by] + [Quién realiza la acción]

Ejemplos:

Descripición general del Activo/Pasivo

  Activo Pasivo
Simple Present
Once a week, Tom cleans the house.
Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom.
Present Continuous
Right now, Sarah is writing the letter.
Right now, the letter is being written by Sarah.
Simple Past
Sam repaired the car.
The car was repaired by Sam.
Past Continuous
The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store.
The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store.
Present Perfect
Many tourists have visited that castle.
That castle has been visited by many tourists.
Present Perfect Continuous
Recently, John has been doing the work.
Recently, the work has been being done by John.
Past Perfect
George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanic's license.
Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanic's license.
Past Perfect Continuous
Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two years before he moved to Paris.
The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been being prepared by Chef Jones for two years before he moved to Paris.
Simple Future

will
Someone will finish the work by 5:00 PM.
The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.
Simple Future

be going to
Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.
A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight.
Future Continuous

will
At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be washing the dishes.
At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be being washed by John.
Future Continuous

be going to
At 8:00 PM tonight, John is going to be washing the dishes.
At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going to be being washed by John.
Future Perfect

will
They will have completed the project before the deadline.
The project will have been completed before the deadline.
Future Perfect

be going to
They are going to have completed the project before the deadline.
The project is going to have been completed before the deadline.
Future Perfect Continuous

will
The famous artist will have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.
The mural will have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.
Future Perfect Continuous

be going to
The famous artist is going to have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.
The mural is going to have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.
Used to
Jerry used to pay the bills.
The bills used to be paid by Jerry.
Would Always
My mother would always make the pies.
The pies would always be made by my mother.
Future in the Past

Would
I knew John would finish the work by 5:00 PM.
I knew the work would be finished by 5:00 PM.
Future in the Past

Was Going to
I thought Sally was going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.
I thought a beautiful dinner was going to be made by Sally tonight.

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